Extreme Hardship Evaluation: A Comprehensive Approach with REB Human Services

When faced with the threat of deportation or denial of entry, the concept of “extreme hardship” becomes a critical factor in immigration proceedings. Understanding what constitutes extreme hardship is crucial for those seeking relief through waivers like the I-601 and I-601A, or through the Cancellation of Removal process. At REB Human Services, we specialize in navigating these complex evaluations to help our clients overcome grounds of inadmissibility and achieve their immigration goals.

What is Extreme Hardship?

Extreme hardship goes beyond the typical difficulties that a qualifying relative might face if you were refused entry or deported. It considers a broad range of factors, including but not limited to:

  • Health Issues: The impact on a relative’s health, especially if they require ongoing medical treatment in the U.S. that is not available or affordable in the applicant’s home country.
  • Financial Hardship: Significant economic difficulties that would arise from the loss of income or the increased costs associated with moving to a new country.
  • Educational Disruption: The negative effects on a child’s education if they were to move to a country with a lower standard of education or if they had to leave their school and community.
  • Emotional and Psychological Impact: The emotional toll on family members, particularly children, who might suffer from the separation from their parents or the upheaval of their lives.

The Role of I-601 and I-601A Waivers

The I-601 and I-601A waivers are essential tools in addressing grounds of inadmissibility. These waivers allow applicants to request that certain immigration violations be forgiven, thereby permitting entry or adjustment of status. The success of these waivers largely depends on demonstrating that extreme hardship would result if the applicant were denied.

  • I-601 Waiver: This waiver is used by individuals who are outside the U.S. or in removal proceedings and can show that their qualifying relatives would face extreme hardship if the waiver is not granted.
  • I-601A Waiver: Designed for individuals who are present in the U.S. and need to leave temporarily to obtain their immigrant visa. This waiver helps mitigate the risk of a long separation from their families by demonstrating that their absence would cause extreme hardship.

Cancellation of Removal

Cancellation of Removal is another avenue for relief for individuals facing deportation. This form of relief is available to those who have been in the U.S. for a certain number of years and can demonstrate that their removal would cause exceptional and extremely unusual hardship to their qualifying relatives.

How REB Human Services Can Help

At REB Human Services, we offer comprehensive support throughout the extreme hardship evaluation process. Our team of experts works diligently to gather all necessary documentation and evidence to build a compelling case for our clients. Here’s how we assist:

  1. Thorough Assessment: We conduct an in-depth analysis of your situation to identify all potential hardships that could be argued in your favor.
  2. Detailed Documentation: Our team helps compile medical records, financial statements, educational assessments, and psychological evaluations to support your case.
  3. Expert Guidance: We provide personalized guidance and support, ensuring that you understand every step of the process and what is required for a successful application.
  4. Legal Expertise: Partnering with experienced immigration attorneys, we ensure that your waiver applications and petitions are meticulously prepared and strategically presented.


Extreme hardship evaluations require a nuanced and comprehensive approach to demonstrate the profound impact of potential deportation or denial of entry. With the expertise of REB Human Services and the strategic use of I-601 and I-601A waivers, as well as Cancellation of Removal, you can navigate these challenges with confidence. Let us help you build a strong case to protect your future and keep your family together.

For more information or to schedule a consultation, contact REB Human Services today.


The Vital Role of Mental Health Professionals in Asylum Cases

Applying for asylum in the United States can be a strenuous process for both applicants and immigration attorneys. Mental health professionals with expertise in asylum law and refugee trauma can make important contributions to such cases. Not only can mental health professionals provide diagnostic information that may support applicants’ claims, but they can also evaluate how culture and mental health symptoms relate to perceived deficits in credibility or delays in asylum applications. They can define mental health treatment needs and estimate the possible effects of repatriation on mental health. Mental health professionals can also provide supportive functions for clients as they prepare for testimony. Finally, in a consultative role, mental health experts can help immigration attorneys improve their ability to elicit trauma narratives from asylum applicants safely and efficiently and to enhance their resilience in response to vicarious trauma and burnout symptoms arising from work with asylum seekers.

Evaluation of asylum applicants by a mental health professional with expertise in the field of refugee trauma can be of particular value in the presentation of a case. Such evaluations can provide medical opinions regarding the client’s mental disorder, the implications of which bear on the client’s credibility, delay in application, culturally informed emotional expression, treatment needs, and mental health consequences of deportation. Mental health professionals can also be advisors to attorneys in the preparation of clients for the stressful process of testifying for asylum.