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How a Psychological Evaluation Can Boost Your Immigration Petition Success

If you’re exploring ways to strengthen your immigration petition, a psychological evaluation could be a significant asset. Many applicants have found that a professional assessment linking their mental health to their immigration reasons can be pivotal in gaining approval.

The Advantages of a Psychological Evaluation in Immigration Cases

A psychological evaluation provides crucial evidence that can bolster your immigration case. In many instances, this type of evaluation can be the key factor in whether your petition is approved or denied.

Benefits of a psychological evaluation include:

  • Documenting Trauma: Recording the psychological effects of trauma you’ve experienced.
  • Evidence of Abuse: Detailing the mental impact of abuse or crime.
  • Impact of Deportation: Highlighting the psychological hardships you or your family might face if a loved one is deported.
  • Mental Competence: Demonstrating your mental state and your ability to represent yourself in immigration court.

A 2021 study revealed that 81.6% of cases involving a psychological evaluation were approved, compared to a national approval rate of 42.4% for asylum cases. This indicates that having a psychological evaluation can double the chances of your case being approved.

Common Immigration Petitions That Benefit from Psychological Evaluations

Trauma Evaluations (Asylum, U Visa, VAWA, T Visa)

  • Asylum: If you’re applying for asylum due to past persecution or a credible fear of future persecution, a psychological evaluation can document the mental health impact of your trauma, supporting your claim.
  • U Visa: To qualify for a U Visa, you must demonstrate that a crime caused you substantial mental or physical abuse. A psychological evaluation can provide evidence of the mental impact.
  • VAWA: The Violence Against Women Act allows certain family members of U.S. citizens or residents who have experienced domestic violence to self-petition for legal status. An evaluation can document the emotional or physical abuse suffered, supporting your VAWA petition.
  • T Visa: Applicants for a T Visa must show they suffered severe mental or physical abuse due to trafficking. A psychological evaluation can document this abuse and its psychological effects.

Hardship Evaluations (601a, i601a, Cancellation of Removal)

  • Hardship Evaluations: If applying for a waiver of inadmissibility due to extreme hardship for a qualifying family member, a psychological evaluation can substantiate the severity of the hardship.

Competency and Medical Disability Evaluations (N-648)

  • Competency Evaluations: Used to document mental states affecting one’s ability to self-represent in detention and removal proceedings, supporting claims for required legal assistance.
  • Medical Disability Certification (N-648): If you seek an exemption from English and civics requirements for naturalization due to a disability, a psychological evaluation can validate your condition and support your request for an exemption.

How to Obtain a Psychological Evaluation for Your Case

If you believe a psychological evaluation could enhance your case, consult with an experienced immigration attorney to determine its suitability for your situation. An attorney can guide you on whether an evaluation would be beneficial.

REB Human Services offers a comprehensive list of qualified mental health professionals across the United States, allowing you to search by state and filter by:

  • Evaluation Type (Asylum, U Visa, N-648, etc.)
  • Experience
  • Language Spoken
  • Clinical Specialty (Trauma, Domestic Violence, Political Persecution, Children, LGBTQ+, etc.)

Selecting a Mental Health Professional for an Immigration Psychological Evaluation

Not all mental health professionals are trained or experienced in conducting evaluations for immigration cases. When choosing a provider, consider asking:

  • How much experience do you have with immigration evaluations and report writing?
  • Are you familiar with my specific type of immigration petition (Asylum, VAWA, N-648, etc.)?

Qualified professionals often provide sample reports (with confidential information removed) from past immigration cases to demonstrate their expertise.

What to Expect During a Psychological Evaluation

Once you find a qualified mental health clinician, schedule an appointment for the evaluation, which typically lasts several hours and may occur over multiple sessions.

For more detailed information, refer to our guide on Everything You Need to Know About Getting a Psychological Evaluation for Your Immigration Case.

After the evaluation, the clinician will prepare a report to be submitted as evidence in your case. Occasionally, the clinician may testify about their report in immigration court if necessary.


A psychological evaluation can significantly strengthen your immigration case. Consult with an experienced immigration attorney to determine if this evaluation is right for your specific circumstances.

REB Human Services is an excellent resource for finding the most qualified mental health professionals with the necessary experience and specialization in psychological evaluations for immigration cases.

cess and the essential role psychological evaluations play in supporting applications.

Overview of the T-Visa

The T-Visa is designed for victims of human trafficking, allowing them to stay in the U.S. for up to four years and apply for permanent residency after three years. It provides legal status, work authorization, and access to benefits, aiding survivors in their recovery and integration.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicants must:

  • Prove they are victims of severe trafficking.
  • Be present in the U.S. due to trafficking.
  • Comply with reasonable requests to aid in trafficking investigations (unless trauma prevents this).
  • Show that removal from the U.S. would cause extreme hardship.

Role of Psychological Evaluations

Psychological evaluations are vital in the T-Visa process, as they:

  • Document the mental health impact of trafficking.
  • Support claims of extreme hardship if the applicant is deported.
  • Corroborate the applicant’s experiences of trafficking.
  • Highlight the need for ongoing mental health support.

Application Steps

  1. Gather Evidence: Collect proof of trafficking, harm, and presence in the U.S. Obtain a psychological evaluation.
  2. Complete Forms: Fill out Form I-914 and, if applicable, Supplement B (law enforcement declaration) and Supplement A (for family members).
  3. Submit the Application: Send all documents to USCIS. No filing fee is required.
  4. Biometrics: Attend a biometrics appointment.
  5. Interview (if required): Discuss your application and trafficking experience.
  6. Wait for a Decision: Maintain your status in the U.S. while waiting.

Research Insights

Recent studies highlight issues like underutilization of T-Visas, challenges specific to Latin American victims, and the need for policy reforms. They emphasize the importance of a trauma-informed approach and the role of social workers in improving the process.

Psychological evaluations are a critical element in the success of T-Visa applications, providing necessary evidence and support for victims of trafficking. For assistance with evaluations, contact Dr. Lisa Long, our immigration expert.

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